3.2.1 The Circl Pavilion in Amsterdam

Course subject(s) Module 3. Building

Word Cloud

What comes to your mind when you think of “Circular Design Principles”? Write down a combination of words. The more often the combination is added by your fellow learners, the bigger and bolder it appears in our word cloud.
Hans Hammink is an Architect at Architekten Cie, and was responsible for designing The Circl Pavilion in Amsterdam, a pilot project in circular building design. During this interview with Mo Smit, Hans will explain the several design principles that were applied.

The Circl Pavilion in Amsterdam


  • To be able to reuse as many materials as possible, designers should be open to new ways of designing or incorporating alternative solutions.
  • The building is understood as a material bank, as it is expected that the materials or building products will be later on reclaimed. This means that components and connections need to be designed for disassembly to enable reuse or other (re) life options.
  • Dry connections, such as screws or bolts, should always be used instead of wet connections. They should also be easy to reach to enable ease of disassembly, and thus, reuse. The same applies to building services.
  • Circularity can be applied not only to materials but also to water, energy, and waste. Buildings should be able to produce enough energy to be self-sufficient; water activities can be planned to reuse water, and waste can be reduced by optimizing the use of local resources.
  • Circularity is about collaboration between disciplines. A constructive dialogue between stakeholders can allow a more integrated design that can deliver circular solutions.
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Circular Economy for a Sustainable Built Environment by TU Delft OpenCourseWare is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at https://online-learning.tudelft.nl/courses/circular-economy-for-a-sustainable-built-environment//.
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